Far back into time the Pálava area has drawn people to it. The Venus of Věstonice, dating from the age of the mammoth hunters, is certainly the area’s most famous find. The nearby hilltop known as Hradisko was the site of a large fortified Roman camp from the times of Emperor Marcus Aurelius; here the rich grave of a Germanic warrior was also uncovered.
The remnants of a fort at the Vysoká zahrada site by Dolní Věstonice date to the era of the Great Moravian Empire. After the emergence of the Czech state a number of castles were founded to guard the border with Austria. Their ruins can be seen at Děvičky Castle on Děvín Hill, or Sirotčí hradek on Stolová hora. The castle in Mikulov has had a storied history. Over the centuries a town grew up around it, and the castle was eventually converted to a luxurious chateau. Today it houses the exhibits of the regional museum, the most famous of which is devoted to viticulture.
The urban monument reserve in Mikulov contains a number of remarkable buildings and sites. Over the town looms the Holy Hill with its centuries-old tradition of September pilgrimages. In Mikulov you can also see important Jewish historic sites such as the Upper Synagogue, which serves today as an exhibition hall, and a large Jewish cemetery dating from the 15th century.
The village of Pavlov with its rustic Baroque wine cellars is an outstanding example of folk architecture in the region.